alexa Accessibility of galactosyl ceramides to probe reagents in central nervous system myelin.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Linington C, Rumsby MG

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Abstract The suitability of isolated central nerve myelin preparations for probe labelling studies was assessed and the accessibility of galactosyl ceramides in myelin to galactose oxidase and sodium periodate was determined. Isolated myelin preparations present a uniform external membrane surface to added probes because lamellae in the myelin sheath separate at their external apposition surfaces exclusively during isolation. The cytoplasmic apposition remains intact in isolated myelin. Cationised ferritin can gain access along external apposition regions of inner lamellae in multilamellar fragments of isolated myelin, indicating that proteins and lipids on the external membrane surface will be accessible to probes. Over 50\% of the total galactosyl ceramides of myelin are accessible to galactose oxidase attack; hydroxy fatty acid- and nonhydroxy fatty acid-containing cerebrosides are equally attacked. Sodium periodate attacks over 90\% of the galactosyl ceramides in isolated myelin at 20 degrees C and electron micrographs of the periodate-treated myelin reveal changes at the external apposition only. Galactosyl ceramides in vesicles of myelin lipid vesicles are not so readily attacked by periodate. The disposition of galactosyl ceramides in the myelin lamellae is discussed.
This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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