alexa Accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau precedes the formation of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease.


Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Author(s): Bancher C, Brunner C, Lassmann H, Budka H, Jellinger K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The intraneuronal accumulation of paired helical filaments in the form of neurofibrillary tangles is one hallmark of the brain pathology in Alzheimer's disease. At certain predilection sites, a small number of similar lesions are also present in the brains of the majority of aged non-demented individuals. As suggested by several studies before, these abnormal cytoskeletal structures contain determinants of microtubule-associated protein tau and ubiquitin. The present study uses a morphological classification of neurofibrillary tangles into different stages of maturation, as suggested by Alzheimer in 1911, and shows by quantitative immunocytochemistry that early stages of neurofibrillary degeneration contain abnormally phosphorylated tau. Immunoreactivity for the altered tau is seen not only in tangles but also in the cytoplasm of some nerve cells lacking neurofibrillary tangles. Similar numbers of such immunoreactive neurons without tangles are present in age-matched non-demented individuals as in Alzheimer cases, but are absent in young controls. In contrast, incorporation of an epitope, recognized by a monoclonal antibody (3-39) raised to paired helical filaments, which is directed against a determinant residing in the 50-65 amino acid residue region of ubiquitin occurs late in the process of tangle maturation and is most pronounced in extracellular 'ghost tangles'. It is suggested that the accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau is one of the earliest cytoskeletal changes in the process of tangle formation. Exposure of certain ubiquitin epitopes in the pathological fibers may reflect an unsuccessful attempt of proteolytic degradation.
This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version