Author(s): Paynter RA, Skibola DR, Skibola CF, Buffler PA, Wiemels JL,
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Abstract Association studies designed to identify the genetic determinants underlying complex disease increasingly require sustainable high-quality DNA resources for large-scale single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping. Recent studies have shown that genomic DNA (gDNA) suitable for SNP genotyping can be obtained from buccal cells and from dried blood spots on Guthrie cards. Further, successful SNP genotyping has been done using the reaction product of multiple displacement amplification of gDNA. We evaluated genotype consistency on the Illumina genotyping platform for 717 to 1,744 SNP loci between replicate samples of gDNA and whole genome amplified DNA (wgaDNA) from a variety of sources. Nine healthy adults provided peripheral blood via venipuncture and buccal cells by mouth rinse. DNA was also obtained from urothelial cells in urine samples from five of the nine subjects. gDNA was extracted from all samples, wgaDNA was generated from each gDNA, and all samples were genotyped. To assess SNP genotyping accuracy of DNA obtained from dried blood spots, gDNA was extracted, amplified, and genotyped from peripheral blood samples and paired Guthrie card samples were obtained from eight childhood leukemia patients. Call rates and replicate concordances for all sample types, regardless of amplification, were >97\%, with most sample types having call rates and replicate concordances >99\%. Using the gDNA from blood samples as the reference for concordances calculated for all other sample types, we observed concordances >98\% regardless of sample type or amplification. We conclude that highly multiplexed Illumina genotyping may be done on gDNA and wgaDNA obtained from whole blood, buccal samples, dried blood spots on Guthrie cards, and possibly even urine samples, with minimal misclassification.
This article was published in Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability