alexa Acetaminophen-induced stimulation of MDR1 expression and activity in rat intestine and in LS 174T human intestinal cell line.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Ghanem CI, Arias A, Novak A, Carpini GD, Villanueva S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The well-known analgesic and antipyretic drug N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (acetaminophen; APAP) has been previously reported to affect MDR1 expression in rat liver. In this study, we have investigated the effect of subtoxic doses of APAP on MDR1 expression and activity in rat intestine and human intestinal cells. Administration of APAP at increasing doses of 0.2, 0.3, and 0.6g/kg b.w., i.p. over three consecutive days, induced MDR1 expression in rat duodenum (+240\%) and ileum (+160\%) as detected by western blotting. This was accompanied by preserved localization of the protein at the surface of the villus, as detected by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy. MDR1 activity was increased by 50\% in APAP treated rats, as evaluated by serosal to mucosal secretion of rhodamine 123 in everted intestinal sacs. Treatment with APAP also decreased by 65\% the portal vein concentrations of digoxin found in anesthetized rats after intraduodenal administration of this drug, which is consistent with an APAP-induced increased efficacy of intestinal barrier for digoxin net absorption. Exposure of LS 174T human colon adenocarcinoma cells to subtoxic APAP concentration (5mM) induced an increase in MDR1 mRNA expression (+46\%), which was accompanied with an enhanced ability (+78\%) to reduce intracellular content of rhodamine 123. Taken together these data suggest the existence of APAP-induced stimulation of MDR1 transcription in the intestinal epithelium. These findings are of clinical relevance, as co-administration of APAP with other MDR1 substrates could indirectly inhibit the net intestinal absorption of these drugs, leading to changes in their pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords