Author(s): Bhakat KK, Mokkapati SK, Boldogh I, Hazra TK, Mitra S
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Abstract The human 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) is the major DNA glycosylase responsible for repair of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) and ring-opened fapyguanine, critical mutagenic DNA lesions that are induced by reactive oxygen species. Here we show that OGG1 is acetylated by p300 in vivo predominantly at Lys338/Lys341. About 20\% of OGG1 is present in acetylated form in HeLa cells. Acetylation significantly increases OGG1's activity in vitro in the presence of AP-endonuclease by reducing its affinity for the abasic (AP) site product. The enhanced rate of repair of 8-oxoG in the genome by wild-type OGG1 but not the K338R/K341R mutant, ectopically expressed in oxidatively stressed OGG1-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts, suggests that acetylation increases OGG1 activity in vivo. At the same time, acetylation of OGG1 was increased by about 2.5-fold after oxidative stress with no change at the polypeptide level. OGG1 interacts with class I histone deacetylases, which may be responsible for its deacetylation. Based on these results, we propose a novel regulatory function of OGG1 acetylation in repair of its substrates in oxidatively stressed cells.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine