Author(s): Hashimoto H, Itadani A, Kudoh T, Kuroda Y, Seno M, , Hashimoto H, Itadani A, Kudoh T, Kuroda Y, Seno M,
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Abstract Microporous and mesoporous silica derived from biogenous iron oxide is an attractive catalyst for various organic reactions. Biogenous iron oxide contains structural silicon, and amorphous silica remains after iron oxide is dissolved in concentrated hydrochloric acid. The amorphous silica containing slight amounts of iron (Si/Fe = ∼150) is composed of ∼6-nm-diameter granular particles. The amorphous silica has a large surface area of 540 m(2)/g with micropores (1.4 nm) and mesopores (<3 nm). By using pyridine vapor as a probe molecule to evaluate the active sites in the amorphous silica, it was found that this material has strong Brønsted and Lewis acid sites. When the catalytic performance of this material was evaluated for reactions including the ring opening of epoxides and Friedel-Crafts-type alkylations, which are known to be catalyzed by acid catalysts, this material showed yields higher than those obtained with common silica materials.
This article was published in ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology