Author(s): Huang G, Bartlett PJ, Thomas AP, Moreno SN, Docampo R
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Acidocalcisomes are acidic calcium stores rich in polyphosphate and found in a diverse range of organisms. The mechanism of Ca(2+) release from these organelles was unknown. Here we present evidence that Trypanosoma brucei acidocalcisomes possess an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (TbIP(3)R) for Ca(2+) release. Localization studies in cell lines expressing TbIP(3)R in its endogenous locus fused to an epitope tag revealed its partial colocalization with the vacuolar proton pyrophosphatase, a marker of acidocalcisomes. IP(3) was able to stimulate Ca(2+) release from a chicken B-lymphocyte cell line in which the genes for all three vertebrate IP(3)Rs have been stably ablated (DT40-3KO) and that were stably expressing TbIP(3)R, providing evidence of its function. IP(3) was also able to release Ca(2+) from permeabilized trypanosomes or isolated acidocalcisomes and photolytic release of IP(3) in intact trypanosomes loaded with Fluo-4 elicited a transient Ca(2+) increase in their cytosol. Ablation of TbIP(3)R by RNA interference caused a significant reduction of IP(3)-mediated Ca(2+) release in trypanosomes and resulted in defects in growth in culture and infectivity in mice. Taken together, the data provide evidence of the presence of a functional IP(3)R as a Ca(2+) release channel in acidocalcisomes of trypanosomes and suggest that a Ca(2+) signaling pathway that involves acidocalcisomes is required for growth and establishment of infection.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals