alexa Activated T-cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines differentially regulate prostaglandin E2 secretion by mesenchymal stem cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Hegyi B, Kudlik G, Monostori E, Uher F

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Abstract In recent years it has become clear that mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) are capable of modulating inflammatory and immune responses through interaction with a wide variety of cells. Whereas several studies indicated that PGE2 is one of the chief soluble mediators involved in these processes, here we investigated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production of murine bone marrow- (BM-) and adipose tissue- (Ad-) derived MSCs stimulated with pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ, or co-cultured with ConA-induced T-cell blasts. We found that both MSC populations are able to produce high amounts of PGE2 in MSC/activated T-cell co-cultures. This effect was markedly attenuated when direct cell-cell contact was prevented in transwell system, indicating that the elicitation of the PGE2 secretion of MSCs is contact-dependent in this experimental setting. In contrast, when soluble recombinant pro-inflammatory cytokines were added to the MSC cultures, TNF-α and IFN-γ act synergistically to induce PGE2 production, whereas only high amount of TNF-α but not IFN-γ was able to do so alone. Although the PGE2 secretion by MSCs was completely abrogated by addition of indomethacin under all culture conditions tested, L-NMA, a NOS inhibitor could only partially inhibit it when the cells were elicited in the concomitant presence of TNF-α and IFN-γ. These results, combined with others, suggest that NO acts downstream of IFN-γ but upstream of COX2. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the induction of PGE2 secretion by BM- and Ad-MSCs is not mediated by a single or unique, nonredundant molecular mechanism under different experimental conditions. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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