alexa Activation of a pea membrane protein kinase by calcium ions.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development

Author(s): Hetherington AM, Trewavas A

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Abstract Membranes from the buds of Pisum sativum L. contain a protein kinase which is activated 5- to 15-fold by micromolar levels of calcium. Best calcium activations were found with light-membrane fractions, and on density gradients these band at a similar position to the plasma membrane. Other heavier membranes, however, also contain a calcium-dependent protein kinase. The activity of the calcium-dependent protein kinase is inhibited by added phospholipids and phospholipase, in contrast to protein-kinase C. Calcium-dependent protein-kinase activity can be inhibited by 40\% by low concentrations of the calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine, but inhibitions are detected only after prior incubation of the membranes for some hours in ethylene glycol-bis-(β-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid. Substantial calcium-dependent protein-kinase activity remains uninhibited by trifluoperazine indicating that there may be calmodulin-dependent and calmodulin-independent, but calcium-activated, protein kinases in pea membranes. The calcium-activated protein kinase seems to be intrinsically bound to membranes and only slight or partial solubilisation is obtained by the detergents nonidet P-40, (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethyl-ammonio]-1-propanesulfonate or octyl glucose. Better solubilisation is obtained by acetone treatment. There is some retention of calcium activation after partial solubilisation. A calcium-independent protein kinase has also been detected in membrane preparations; it has a substrate specificity different from that the calcium-dependent enzyme. Our results indicate, therefore, that there may be at least three protein kinases attached to pea shoot membranes. This article was published in Planta and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development

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