Author(s): Nakamura H, Moroji T, Nohara S, Nakamura H, Okada A
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Abstract To clarify the involvement of the central nervous system in responses of organisms to noise and whole-body vibration, the activity of dopamine (DA) neuron systems was estimated by examining DA turnover rates in various discrete regions of the brains of rats exposed to noise (broad band, 102 dB) or whole-body vibration (20 Hz, 4G) for 90 min. Plasma corticosterone level (COR) was determined simultaneously as an index of stress-induced autonomic-nervous and endocrine functions. Noise and whole-body vibration increased both COR and DA turnover rates (shown by an increase of homovanillic acid (HVA) and/or HVA/DA ratio) in the frontal cortex (FC) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Only noise increased the DA turnover rate in the amygdala (AMY). Furthermore, strong positive correlations of the HVA/DA ratios in the FC and the NAc with COR were observed in rats exposed to noise or vibration. These results suggest that the responses of organisms to noise and whole-body vibration may be critically mediated by cerebral DA systems, in particular by the mesocortical DA system, indicating that change of DA in the AMY can be considered a specific response to noise.
This article was published in Environ Res
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation