Author(s): Fan X, Liu Y, Chen JJ
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Abstract Inactivation of the tumor suppressor pRB by the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoprotein E7 is a mechanism by which HPV promotes cell growth. The bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) E7 does not bind pRB efficiently yet is required for full transformation of murine cells by BPV-1. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of BPV-1 E7-induced cell proliferation. Our studies indicate that expression of BPV-1 E7 induces DNA synthesis and stimulates cells to enter S phase in quiescent cells. The induction of cell proliferation by BPV-1 E7 can occur in the retinoblastoma gene (Rb)-null cells, suggesting an Rb-independent mechanism. Consistent with this observation, BPV-1 E7 does not efficiently activate the transcription of the E2F family of transcription factors (E2F)-responsive promoters. Notably, c-Myc is able to induce cells to enter S phase in quiescent cells through an Rb/E2F-independent pathway. Significantly, c-Myc levels are increased in BPV-1 E7-expressing cells. Moreover, expression of a dominant negative c-Myc mutant inhibited BPV-1 E7-induced DNA synthesis. Consistent with the notion that c-Myc could down-regulate p27 and activate Cdk2, p27 level is decreased while both cyclin A and cyclin E-associated kinase activities are up-regulated in BPV-1 E7-expressing cells. These studies indicate an important role for c-Myc in BPV-1 E7-induced cell proliferation.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis