Author(s): Klegeris A, Walker DG, McGeer PL, Klegeris A, Walker DG, McGeer PL
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Abstract Microglia (brain resident macrophages) have been found to be closely associated with beta amyloid containing plaques in brain tissue affected by Alzheimer disease (AD). To investigate whether beta amyloid peptide (beta AP) may activate microglia, the effects of synthetic beta AP (amino acids 1-40) and a subfragment (amino acids 25-35) on rat peritoneal macrophages were assessed using four different assays for activation. These peptides were compared with substance P, which has previously been shown to activate macrophages. Both beta amyloid peptides activated macrophages, as assessed by increased respiratory burst-associated oxygen consumption, by luminol-dependent chemiluminescence, and by aggregation. In addition, beta amyloid peptide (1-40) caused a significant increase in macrophage nitric oxide production, while subfragment (25-35) did not. Substance P caused significant activation as assessed by oxygen consumption and chemiluminescence, but not by aggregation or nitric oxide induction.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism