alexa Activation of murine microglial cell lines by lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma causes NO-mediated decreases in mitochondrial and cellular function.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Moss DW, Bates TE, Moss DW, Bates TE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Activation of murine microglial and macrophage cell lines with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) resulted in the induction of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the release of micromolar amounts of NO into the surrounding medium. The synthesis of NO was associated with increased cellular membrane damage as assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion and the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase into the cell culture medium. However, the synthesis and release of cytokines was largely unaffected. NO-mediated cell damage was also accompanied by a marked decrease in the intracellular levels of reduced glutathione and ATP. In addition, significant inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities was seen following cellular activation. However, citrate synthase activity (a mitochondrial matrix enzyme) was not detectable in the extracellular supernatants, suggesting preservation of the integrity of the mitochondrial inner membrane following activation. These effects were largely prevented by the addition of the NOS inhibitor, N-guanidino monomethyl L-arginine during the activation period. Our observations demonstrate that induction of NOS activity in microglia results in damage to the plasma membrane leading to a loss of glutathione, complex-specific inhibition of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and depletion of cellular ATP. Our data suggest that pharmacological modulation of NOS activity in activated microglia in vivo may prevent cellular damage to bystander cells such as neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, as well as to microglia themselves.
This article was published in Eur J Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords