Author(s): Johansson L, Karpf DM, Hansen L, Pelzer H, Persson E
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Coagulation factors VII (FVII), IX (FIX), X (FX), and protein C share the same domain organization but display very different plasma half-lives. It is plausible that the half-life is influenced by the activation peptide, differing in length and glycosylation and missing in FVII. To test this hypothesis, the influence of activation peptides on the plasma half-life of human FVII was studied by administering human FVII variants containing activation peptide motifs to mice. Insertion of the activation peptide from FX gave 4-fold longer terminal half-life (5.5 hours vs 1.4 hours for FVII), whereas the activation peptide from FIX and protein C resulted in half-lives of 4.3 and 1.7 hours, respectively. Using FX's activation peptide we identified the N-linked glycans as structural features important for the half-life. The peptide location within the FVII molecule appeared not to be critical because similar prolongation was obtained with the activation peptide inserted immediately before the normal site of activation and at the C-terminus. However, only the latter variant was activatable, yielding full amidolytic activity and reduced proteolytic activity with preserved long half-life. Our data support that activation peptides function as plasma retention signals and constitute a new manner to extend the half-life of FVII(a).
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy