alexa Active proliferation of mesenchymal cells prior to the chondrogenic repair response in rabbit full-thickness defects of articular cartilage.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

Author(s): Mizuta H, Kudo S, Nakamura E, Otsuka Y, Takagi K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: In full-thickness articular defects, fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) participates in the chondrogenic repair response which occurs in a defect-size dependent manner. Here we demonstrate that FGF-2 plays a critical role in the proliferation of pre-chondrogenic mesenchymal cells during chondrogenic induction. METHODS: Three-millimeter- or 5-mm-diameter cylindrical defects were created in the femoral trochlea of the rabbit knee. The defects received sterile saline or FGF-2 (50 pg/h) via an osmotic pump for the initial 2 weeks. We assessed the proliferative capacity of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells in the reparative tissue with the anti-proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) monoclonal antibody. Using a total of 180 rabbits, we performed three sets of experiments. RESULTS: In the 3-mm-diameter defects, undifferentiated mesenchymal cells spontaneously initiated chondrogenic differentiation within 2 weeks, resulting in the regeneration of surfacing articular cartilage concomitantly with the repair of subchondral bone. No evidence of chondrogenesis was seen in the 5-mm-diameter defects, whereas application of FGF-2 promoted successful regeneration of articular cartilage. In the 3-mm-diameter defects and in the FGF-2-treated 5-mm defects, PCNA immunoreactivity was widely detected in undifferentiated cells in the reparative tissue at 1 and 2 weeks after creation of the defects. In contrast, in the 5-mm-diameter defects without FGF-2 treatment, the PCNA-positive cells were found at a significantly lower incidence. CONCLUSIONS: Active expansion of undifferentiated cell population mediated by FGF-2 is required to initiate and support a chondrogenic repair response in full-thickness defects of articular cartilage. Endogenous FGF-2 could not meet the requirements of growth signaling in the center of larger sized defects. Copyright 2004 OsteoArthritis Research Society International This article was published in Osteoarthritis Cartilage and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]ne.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords