alexa Activin A functions as a Th2 cytokine in the promotion of the alternative activation of macrophages.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Ogawa K, Funaba M, Chen Y, Tsujimoto M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Activin A, a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, is a pluripotent growth and differentiation factor. In this study, we report that murine Th cells produce activin A upon activation. Activin activity in the cultured CD4+ T cells was induced by anti-CD3 cross-linking. Activin betaA mRNA level was increased in response to activation, indicating that activin production in CD4+ T cells is regulated at the mRNA level. Activin production was detected exclusively in CD4+CD25- T cells, but not in CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells. When CD4+ T cells were differentiated into Th cell subsets, higher activin secretion was detected when cultured under Th2-skewing conditions. The mRNA level of activin betaA was abundant in Th2, but not in Th1 cells. Furthermore, secretion of activin was significantly higher in activated Th2 clones than in Th1 clones. The activin betaA-proximal promoter contains a binding site for c-Maf, a Th2-specific transcriptional factor, at close proximity with an NF-AT binding site. c-Maf was able to synergize with NF-AT to transactivate activin betaA gene, and both factors are implicated in activin betaA transcription in Th2 cells. Activin A induced macrophages to express arginase-1 (M-2 phenotype), whereas it inhibited inducible NO synthase expression (M-1 phenotype) induced by IFN-gamma. Taken together, these observations suggest that activin A is a novel Th2 cytokine that promotes differentiation of macrophages toward the M-2 phenotype.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords