Author(s): Dutta NK, Mazumdar K, Dastidar SG, Park JH
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Abstract The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac (DCL) shows noteworthy in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activity. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether DCL used in combination with the first-line antitubercular antibiotic streptomycin (STM) synergistically augments its efficacy in vitro as well as in a murine tuberculosis infection model. In vitro minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and synergistic activities of the drugs with respect to standard strains and clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were determined. Swiss albino male mice were intravenously infected with 2.3x10(7) M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Mice were treated with DCL or STM alone as well as in combination for 4 weeks to determine the survival rate, spleen weight and colony-forming unit (CFU) counts in the lungs and spleen. DCL was bactericidal at 40 microg/mL (4xMIC) against M. tuberculosis H37Rv and was synergistic with STM in vitro (fractional inhibitory concentration index 0.37). A dose of 10 microg/g/day DCL or 150 microg/g/day STM for 4 weeks, administered from 1 day post infection, significantly (P<0.05) lowered bacterial counts and reduced mean spleen weight of mice compared with untreated animals. Simultaneous administration of both agents further decreased CFU counts (P<0.05) in the lungs and spleen compared with mice receiving STM alone. Thus, the ability of extended antibiotic therapy may be improved with the help of this synergistic drug pair in murine tuberculosis, and further investigations may throw light on new directions to combat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis infections in humans.
This article was published in Int J Antimicrob Agents
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta