alexa Activity-dependent conduction failure: molecular insights.

Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Author(s): Park SB, Lin CS, Burke D, Kiernan MC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Weakness and fatigue are commonly encountered symptoms in neurological disorders and significantly impair quality of life. In the case of motor axons, conduction block contributes to weakness and fatigue and may be associated with aberrant nerve activity including fasciculations and cramp. These symptoms result from dysfunction of the constituent channels and pumps of the axonal membrane. In critically conducting axons, impulse conduction can be impaired by the effects of activity or by other mechanisms that produce a significant shift in membrane potential. Conduction failure may be accentuated or relieved by maneuvers that manipulate the time course of the driving current, including the administration of agents that interfere with Na(+) channel function. In patients with inflammatory neuropathies, normal activity may be sufficient to precipitate conduction failure at sites of impaired function in multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). From a clinical perspective, these features are not assessed adequately by conventional neurophysiological techniques. As weakness and fatigue may only develop following activity or exertion, it is useful to assess the effects of impulse trains to determine the extent of conduction failure and the resulting symptoms in neurological patients. These techniques and the physiological mechanisms underlying the development of activity-dependent hyperpolarization will be critically appraised in this review, with a focus on demyelinating neuropathies, MMN and the neurodegenerative disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). © 2011 Peripheral Nerve Society. This article was published in J Peripher Nerv Syst and referenced in Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version