alexa Acute and chronic continuous methamphetamine have different long-term behavioral and neurochemical consequences.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Davidson C, Lee TH, Ellinwood EH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We compared two different methamphetamine dosing regimens and found distinct long-term behavioral and neurochemical changes. Adult rats were treated with 1-day methamphetamine injection (3x5 mg/kg s.c., 3 h apart) or 7-day methamphetamine minipump (20 mg/kg/day s.c.). The minipump regimen models the sustained methamphetamine plasma levels in some human bingers whereas the 1-day regimen models a naive user overdose. On withdrawal days 7 and 28, rats were acutely challenged with cocaine to test for behavioral sensitization and subsequently sacrificed for caudate and accumbens dopamine tissue content. Other rats were analyzed on withdrawal days 3, 7 or 28 using voltammetry in caudate slices. On withdrawal days 7 and 28, the methamphetamine injection but not the minipump rats showed behavioral cross-sensitization to cocaine. There was no change in baseline dopamine release, reuptake or sensitivity to quinpirole in any treatment group on either withdrawal day. However, consistent with the behavioral sensitization, cocaine had a greater effect in potentiating dopamine release and in blocking dopamine reuptake in methamphetamine injection versus saline irrespective of withdrawal day. The minipump group showed tolerance to the dopamine releasing effect of cocaine on withdrawal day 28 and had lower dopamine tissue content in the caudate versus the methamphetamine injection group. Dopamine turnover as measured by the DOPAC/dopamine ratio tended to be higher in the minipump-treated rats. These data suggest that the behavioral cross-sensitization seen in the methamphetamine injection rats could be in part due to the increased potency of cocaine in blocking dopamine reuptake and in increasing dopamine release. The decreased potency of cocaine in the caudate slices from the minipump-treated group may be related to decreased dopamine tissue content. This article was published in Neurochem Int and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords