Author(s): Famularo G, Polchi S, De Simone C
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Abstract Ceftriaxone may precipitate in the bile leading to the formation of biliary sludge. Biliary complications, even serious ones, have rarely been described in patients treated with this antibiotic. A 71-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with biliary sludge complicated by acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis after 10 days of treatment with ceftriaxone (2 g, 40 mg/kg per day). There had been no evidence of sludge or gallstones on a transabdominal ultrasonography performed 6 months earlier. The patient underwent open cholecystectomy and recovered fully. Ceftriaxone should be kept in mind as a potential cause of biliary sludge. In most cases, resolution of sludge occurs after interruption of ceftriaxone. Young subjects, patients receiving a prolonged course and a daily dose > or = 40 mg/kg, and subjects with impaired gallbladder emptying have a greater risk of ceftriaxone-associated sludge. Cholecystectomy is the definitive therapy for severe complications.
This article was published in Ann Ital Med Int
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals