Author(s): Criado JR, Morales M
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Abstract Previous studies have shown that acute ethanol administration induces expression of c-Fos immunoreactivity in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CNA) [S.L. Chang, N.A. Patel, A.A. Romero, Activation and desensitization of Fos immunoreactivity in the rat brain following ethanol administration, Brain Res., 679 (1995) 89-98; M. Morales, J.R. Criado, P.P. Sanna, S.J. Henriksen, F.E. Bloom, Acute ethanol induces c-fos immunoreactivity in GABAergic neurons of the central nucleus of the amygdala, Brain Res., 798 (1998) 333-336; A.E. Ryabinin, J.R. Criado, S.J. Henriksen, F.E. Bloom, M.C. Wilson, Differential sensitivity of c-Fos expression in hippocampus and other brain regions to moderate and low doses of alcohol, Mol. Psychiatry, 2 (1997) 32-43]. We recently showed that over 70\% of these c-Fos immunoreactive neurons are GABAergic [M. Morales, J.R. Criado, P.P. Sanna, S.J. Henriksen, F.E. Bloom, Acute ethanol induces c-fos immunoreactivity in GABAergic neurons of the central nucleus of the amygdala, Brain Res, 798 (1998) 333-336]. In the present study, we report that ethanol-induced c-Fos immunoreactivity was mainly confined to neurons that express pro-enkephalin (ENK). In contrast, a small number of c-Fos immunoreactive neurons express corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF). Our results thus provide anatomical evidence indicating that within the amygdala, GABAergic neurons that contain ENK are responsive to acute ethanol exposure.
This article was published in Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy