alexa Acute intravascular volume expansion with rapidly administered crystalloid or colloid in the setting of moderate hypovolemia.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): McIlroy DR, Kharasch ED

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although the distribution of various crystalloid and colloid solutions at equilibrium has been well established, the acute peak expansion of intravascular volume that can be achieved with the rapid administration of crystalloid or colloid is unknown. We studied eight healthy male subjects in a two-part crossover trial designed to assess the maximal increase in intravascular volume achieved with 1000 mL of lactated Ringer's solution compared with the same volume of 6\% Hetastarch. Subjects were made moderately hypovolemic by the withdrawal of 900 mL of blood, and then the crystalloid or colloid solution was rapidly infused over 5-7 min. Serial dilution of hematocrit was measured every 5 min for 30 min to determine changes in blood volume. Peak expansion of intravascular volume with lactated Ringer's solution was 630 +/- 127 mL, occurring immediately the rapid infusion was complete, whereas the peak expansion of intravascular volume with 6\% Hetastarch was 1123 +/- 116 mL and occurred 5 min after the completion of the fluid infusion. The results were significantly different (P < 0.001). These results would suggest that even for very short periods of time, rapid infusion of colloid significantly more effectively increases blood volume and, by inference, cardiac output than the same volume of crystalloid, even if the crystalloid is administered very rapidly. IMPLICATIONS: Under conditions of moderate hypovolemia, the maximal acute intravascular volume expansion with the rapid infusion of 1000 mL of lactated Ringer's solution is slightly more than half that achieved with the same volume of 6\% Hetastarch.
This article was published in Anesth Analg and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords