alexa Acute toxicity of ammonia on Litopenaeus vannamei Boone juveniles at different salinity levels.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Lin Y, Chen J

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Abstract Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles (total length 22+/-2.4 mm) were exposed to different concentrations of ammonia-N (un-ionized plus ionized ammonia as nitrogen), using the static renewal method at different salinity levels of 15 per thousand, 25 per thousand and 35 per thousand at pH 8.05 and 23 degrees C. The 24, 48, 72, 96 h LC50 values of ammonia-N on L. vannamei juveniles were 59.72, 40.58, 32.15, 24.39 mg l(-1) at 15 per thousand; 66.38, 48.83, 43.17, 35.4 mg l(-1) at 25 per thousand; 68.75, 53.84, 44.93, 39.54 mg l(-1) at 35 per thousand, respectively. The 24, 48, 72, 96 h LC50 values of NH(3)-N (un-ionized ammonia as nitrogen) were 2.95, 2.00, 1.59, 1.20 mg l(-1) at 15 per thousand; 2.93, 2.16, 1.91, 1.57 mg l(-1) at 25 per thousand; 2.78, 2.18, 1.82, 1.60 mg l(-1) at 35 per thousand, respectively. As the salinity decreased from 35 per thousand to 15 per thousand, susceptibility of ammonia-N increased by 115\%, 132\%, 140\% and 162\% after 24, 48, 72 and 96 h exposure, respectively. The "safety level" for rearing L. vannamei juveniles was estimated to be 2.44, 3.55, 3.95 mg l(-1) for ammonia-N and 0.12, 0.16, 0.16 mg l(-1) for NH(3)-N in 15 per thousand, 25 per thousand and 35 per thousand, respectively.
This article was published in J Exp Mar Bio Ecol and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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