Author(s): Pitrez PM, Pitrez JL
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To present an updated review of the most common upper respiratory infections (URI) in children seen by the pediatrician in outpatient clinics, for better diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. SOURCES: References from Medline database were reviewed. The most relevant articles were selected. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Acute rhinopharyngitis, sinusitis, streptococcal tonsillitis and viral croup are presented in a concise and critical view. Differential and etiological diagnosis limitations and the abusive use of antimicrobials in these illnesses are also discussed. CONCLUSIONS: URI are the most common cause of visits to pediatrician clinics. Therefore, update and critical concepts, as well as references are essential for a proper management of these illnesses, decreasing the indication of unnecessary diagnostic tests and avoiding non-effective and harmful treatments.
This article was published in J Pediatr (Rio J)
and referenced in Alternative & Integrative Medicine