alexa Adaptation to High Altitude Hypoxia Protects the Rat Heart Against Ischemia-induced Arrhythmias. Involvement of Mitochondrial KATPChannel
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Girma Asemu

Abstract Share this page

The aim was to determine whether adaptation to chronic hypoxia protects the heart against ischemic arrhythmias and whether ATP-dependent potassium channels (KATP) play a role in the antiarrhythmic mechanism. Adult male rats were adapted to intermittent high altitude hypoxia (5000 m, 4 h/day) and susceptibility to ischemia-induced ventricular arrhythmias was evaluated in the Langendorff-perfused hearts subjected to either an occlusion of the coronary artery for 30 min or pre-conditioning by brief occlusion of the same artery prior to 30-min reocclusion. In separate groups, either a KATPblocker, glibenclamide (10 μ mol/l), or a mitochondrial KATPopener, diazoxide (50μ mol/l), were added to a perfusion medium 20 min before the occlusion. Adaptation to hypoxia reduced the total number of ventricular arrhythmias by 64% as compared with normoxic controls. Preconditioning by a single 3-min coronary artery occlusion was antiarrhythmic only in the normoxic group, while two occlusion periods of 5 min each were needed to pre-condition the hypoxic hearts. Glibenclamide increased the number of arrhythmias in the normoxic hearts from 1316±215 to 2091±187 (by 59%) and in the hypoxic group from 636±103 to 1777±186 (by 179%). In contrast, diazoxide decreased the number of arrhythmias only in the normoxic group from 1374±96 to 582±149 (by 58%), while its effect in the hypoxic group was not significant. It is concluded that long-term adaptation of rats to high altitude hypoxia decreases the susceptibility of their hearts to ischemic arrhythmias and increases an antiarrhythmic threshold of pre-conditioning. The mitochondrial KATPchannel, rather than the sarcolemmal KATPchannel, apears to be involved in the protective mechanism afforded by adaptation.

This article was published in J Mol Cell Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version