alexa Addiction to elevated insulin-like growth factor I receptor and initial modulation of the AKT pathway define the responsiveness of rhabdomyosarcoma to the targeting antibody.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunochemistry & Immunopathology

Author(s): Cao L, Yu Y, Darko I, Currier D, Mayeenuddin LH,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) and its ligands are overexpressed by tumors, mediating proliferation and protecting against stress-induced apoptosis. Accordingly, there has been a considerable amount of interest in developing therapeutic agents against IGF-IR. IGF-IR is believed to be ubiquitously expressed without detectable mutation or amplification in cancer. We explored the determinants of cellular response to a humanized anti-IGF-IR antibody. Our results showed a large variation in IGF-IR levels in rhabdomyosarcoma tumor specimens that were comparable with those in rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines. In vitro analysis revealed a direct and very significant correlation between elevated IGF-IR levels and antiproliferative effects of the antibody and defined a receptor number that would predict sensitivity. Our data further suggested a strong dependence on IGF-IR for AKT signaling in cells with elevated IGF-IR. The sensitivity of the high IGF-IR-expressing cells was blocked with a constitutively active AKT. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway was not affected by the antibody. In vivo studies showed that anti-IGF-IR had single-agent antitumor activity; furthermore, predictions of responses based on IGF-IR levels were accurate. In vivo biomarker analysis suggested that h7C10 down-regulated both IGF-IR and p-AKT initially, concordant with antitumor activity. Subsequent progression of tumors was associated with reactivation of p-AKT despite sustained suppression of IGF-IR. These results identified the first predictive biomarker for anti-IGF-IR therapies in cancer.
This article was published in Cancer Res and referenced in Immunochemistry & Immunopathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]ine.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords