alexa Adenosine receptor activation modulates intraocular pressure in rabbits.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Crosson CE

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Abstract The relatively selective adenosine A1 agonists N6-cyclohexy-ladenosine (CHA), R(-)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (R-PIA) and S(+)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (S-PIA); the A2a agonist 2-p-carboxyethyl)phenethyl-amino-5'-N-ethylcarbox-amidoadenosin e (CGS-21680) and the nonselective A2 agonist 2-phenylaminoadenosine (CV-1808) were evaluated in vivo for their effects on aqueous humor dynamics and in vitro for their action on 3H-norepinephrine release and cAMP accumulation in the isolated iris/ciliary body. These studies demonstrated that adenosine agonists can modulate intraocular pressure (IOP). Except for CV-1808, the topical administration of adenosine agonists produced a unilateral dose-related reduction in IOP with a potency order of R-PIA = CHA > CGS-21680 > S-PIA > CV-1808. Although CV-1808 did not lower IOP, it did induce a significant dose-dependent rise in IOP. Neither the reduction in IOP induced by R-PIA nor the rise in IOP induced by CV-1808 was affected by surgical removal of the superior cervical ganglion. However, the adenosine agonist-induced reduction in IOP was associated with a significant decrease in aqueous flow. In vitro studies demonstrated that the adenosine agonists did not alter the evoked release of 3H-norepinephrine; however, they were effective in suppressing the accumulation of cAMP, and this response was blocked by pretreatment with the antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine. These studies provide evidence that adenosine agonists lower IOP by activating postjunctional adenosine A1 receptors. This response is associated with a reduction in aqueous flow and the modulation of cAMP in the iris/ciliary body.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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