Author(s): Badie B, Drazan KE, Kramar MH, Shaked A, Black KL
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Abstract Adenoviral vectors have recently been shown to effectively deliver genes into a variety of tissues. Since these vectors have some advantages over the more extensively investigated retroviruses, we studied the effect of two replication-defective adenovectors bearing human wild type tumor suppressor gene p53 (Adp53) and Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase gene (AdLacZ) on 9L glioma cells. Successful in vitro gene transfer was shown by DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and expression was confirmed by reverse transcriptase RNA PCR and Western blot analyses. Transduction of 9L cells with the Adp53 inhibited cell growth and induced phenotypic changes consistent with cell death at low titers, while AdLacZ caused cytopathic changes only at high titers. Stereotactic injection of AdLacZ (10(7) plaque forming units) into tumor bed stained 25 to 30\% of tumor cells at the site of vector delivery. Injection of Adp53 (10(7) plaque forming units), but not AdLacZ (controls), into established 4-day old 9L glioma brain tumors decreased tumor volume by 40\% after 14 days. As a step toward gene therapy of brain tumors using replication-defective adenoviruses, these data support the use of tumor suppressor gene transfer for in vivo treatment of whole animal brain tumor models.
This article was published in Neurol Res
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy