Author(s): Jones PJ, Jacobs I, Morris A, Ducharme MB
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Abstract To investigate the adequacy of food rations to supply energy needs in cold-temperature environments, caloric expenditure and intake and body composition changes were measured in a group of infantrymen during a 10-day field exercise in the Canadian Arctic. Energy expenditure was measured by the doubly labeled water method (n = 10), and caloric intake was measured by complete food intake records (n = 20). Body composition was determined by isotope dilution (n = 10) and bioelectrical impedence analysis (n = 20) on days 0 and 10. Baseline isotopic enrichment shifts due to geographical relocation were also monitored (n = 5). Mean body weight decreased 0.63 +/- 0.83 (SD) kg over the study period (P < 0.005), although fat-free and fat mass compartment changes were not significant. Baseline isotopic changes were -4.65 +/- 2.54 and -0.48 +/- 0.07 /1000/day for deuterium and 18O, respectively. Mean baseline corrected energy expenditure level was 4,317 +/- 927 kcal/day. Self-reported caloric intakes obtained from food records were 2,633 +/- 499 kcal/day (61.0\% of expenditure). Rations packs contained 4,350 kcal/day. Results suggest that 1) food intake was significantly underreported and 2) the energy needs of most subjects were being met by rations and available supplements.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy