alexa Adipocytes modulate the electrophysiology of atrial myocytes: implications in obesity-induced atrial fibrillation.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Lin YK, Chen YC, Chen JH, Chen SA, Chen YJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Obesity is an important risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). Increased epicardial adipose tissue in obesity can enhance inflammation and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of AF. However, it is not clear whether epicardial adipocytes directly modulate the electrophysiological characteristics of atrial myocytes. Whole-cell patch clamp was used to record the action potentials (APs) and ionic currents in isolated rabbit left atrium (LA) myocytes incubated with and without (control) isolated adipocytes from epicardial, retrosternal, or abdominal adipose tissues, or adipocytes-conditioned supernatant for 2-4 h. Compared to control LA myocytes (n = 22), LA myocytes incubated with epicardial (n = 17), retrosternal (n = 18), or abdominal adipocytes (n = 22) had longer (80 ± 3, 109 ± 6, 109 ± 6, and 110 ± 7 ms, p < 0.001) 90 \% AP durations (APD(90)). LA myocytes incubated with epicardial adipocytes had a more-positive resting membrane potential (RMP) than control LA myocytes (-57 ± 1 mV vs. -63.4 ± 1.4 mV, p < 0.05). However, LA myocytes (n = 32) incubated with supernatant had longer APD(90) (93 ± 3 ms, p < 0.05), but similar RMP values (-62 ± 2 mV, p > 0.05) in comparison to control myocytes. Epicardial adipocyte-incubated LA myocytes had larger late sodium currents, L-type calcium currents, and transient outward potassium currents, but smaller delayed rectifier potassium and inward rectifier potassium currents than control LA myocytes. Moreover, isoproterenol (10 nM) induced a higher incidence (67 vs. 22 \%, p < 0.05) of triggered beats in adipocytes-incubated LA myocytes (n = 12) than in control LA myocytes (n = 9). In conclusion, adipocytes can directly modulate the electrophysiological properties and ion currents, causing higher arrhythmogenesis in LA myocytes. This article was published in Basic Res Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords