alexa Adiponectin ameliorates dyslipidemia induced by the human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitor ritonavir in mice.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Xu A, Yin S, Wong L, Chan KW, Lam KS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although the clinical application of HIV protease inhibitors (PIs) has markedly reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality, it is now recognized that PI-based therapy often causes serious metabolic disorders, including hyperlipidemia and premature atherosclerosis. The etiology of these adverse effects remains obscure. Here, we demonstrate that deficiency of the fat-derived hormone adiponectin might play a role. The steady-state mRNA levels of the adiponectin gene and secretion of this protein from 3T3-L1 adipocytes are significantly decreased after treatment with several PIs (indinavir, nelfinavir, and ritonavir), with ritonavir having the greatest effect. Intragastric administration of ritonavir into mice decreases plasma concentrations of adiponectin and concurrently increases the plasma levels of triglyceride, free fatty acids, and cholesterol. Adiponectin replacement therapy markedly ameliorates ritonavir-induced elevations of triglyceride and free fatty acids. These beneficial effects of adiponectin are partly due to its ability to decrease ritonavir-induced synthesis of fatty acids and triglyceride, and to increase fatty acid combustion in the liver tissue. In contrast, adiponectin has little effect on ritonavir-induced hypercholesterolemia and hepatic cholesterol synthesis. These results suggest that hypoadiponectinemia is partly responsible for the metabolic disorders induced by HIV PIs, and adiponectin or its agonists might be useful for the treatment of these disorders. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords