Author(s): Habeeb NM, Youssef OI, Saab AA, El Hadidi ES
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adiponectin levels in children and adolescents with type I diabetes, and their relationship to long term complications. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital, Cairo, Egypt. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty children and adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus, classified into complicated and non-complicated and compared to 10 healthy age and sex matched subjects as a control group. METHODS: All children underwent anthropometric measurements, neurological assessment, fundus examination, echocardiography and assays of HbA1c, creatinine, 24-hr urinary protein, and serum adiponectin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Relationship of serum adiponectin to complications of type I diabetes mellitus, and glucose control. RESULTS: Serum adiponectin was significantly elevated in complicated diabetes (10.3 ± 5.9 pg/dL) as compared to the controls (6.5 ± 3.7 pg/dL) (P<0.01), and correlated directly with HbA1c (P<0.05) and creatinine (P<0.001). Patients with nephropathy showed high values of adiponectin (15.7 ± 3.7 pg/dL). CONCLUSION: Elevated adiponectin level in children and adolescents with type I diabetes indicates poor glycemic control and development of complications, especially nephropathy.
This article was published in Indian Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine