alexa Adiponectin is a negative regulator of bone mineral and bone strength in growing mice.


Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Ealey KN, Kaludjerovic J, Archer MC, Ward WE

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Abstract Obesity is associated with increased bone mineral density (BMD) but the mechanism for this is unclear. Serum levels of the adipokine adiponectin are inversely correlated with obesity, but results from studies on its relationship to bone mass are conflicting. The objective of this study was to compare bone mineral content (BMC), BMD and biomechanical strength properties of femur and lumbar vertebrae in 8- and 16-week old adiponectin transgenic mice (AdTg). These mice exhibit significantly elevated circulating adiponectin but have similar body weights compared to wild-type (WT) littermates that were used as controls. Female AdTg mice displayed significantly lower femur BMC at 8 and 16 weeks of age and femur neck peak load was significantly lower in 8-week old AdTg mice of both genders compared to controls. The peak load from compression testing of an individual lumbar vertebra was significantly lower in female AdTg mice compared to WT at 8 weeks, and this difference persisted at 16 weeks of age. In addition, lumbar vertebrae BMC was significantly lower in 16-week old male AdTg mice compared to WT although vertebra peak load was not different. Serum adiponectin levels were inversely correlated with femur BMC. In summary, elevated circulating adiponectin inhibits the acquisition of bone mass in growing mice and results in decreased biomechanical measures of functional strength that are surrogate measures of susceptibility to fractures. These results support a role for circulating adiponectin as a metabolic link that can explain, at least in part, the positive relationship between obesity and both bone mass and reduced susceptibility to fractures. This article was published in Exp Biol Med (Maywood) and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

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