alexa Adipose tissue remodeling under ischemia: death of adipocytes and activation of stem progenitor cells.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Author(s): Suga H, Eto H, Aoi N, Kato H, Araki J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Following various types of plastic surgery, such as adipose grafting and flap elevation, adipose tissue undergoes ischemia, leading to hypoxia and nutrient depletion. However, few studies have examined ischemic and/or hypoxic changes in adipose tissue. METHODS: The authors established surgically induced ischemia models by severing blood vessels supplying the inguinal fat pads in mice. The partial pressure of oxygen in adipose tissue was measured with an oxygen monitor, and ischemic changes were analyzed by whole-mount staining, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. The authors also examined cell survival under a hypoxic condition in vitro. RESULTS: Models for three degrees (mild, intermediate, and severe) of ischemia showed approximately 75, 55, and 20 percent of the partial pressure of oxygen level in normal adipose tissue (50.5±1.3 mm Hg), respectively. Adipose tissue atrophy with substantial fibrosis on day 28 was seen, depending on the severity of ischemia. Intermediate and severe ischemia induced elevated expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and fibroblast growth factor 2 on day 1 and degenerative changes (i.e., apoptosis, necrosis, and macrophage infiltration and phagocytosis) in adipose tissue. Dead cells included adipocytes, vascular endothelial cells, and blood-derived cells, but not adipose-derived stem/progenitor cells. Subsequent to degenerative changes, regenerative changes were seen, including angiogenesis, adipogenesis, and proliferation of cells (adipose-derived stem/progenitor cells, vascular endothelial cells, and blood cells). The authors found that, in vitro, the experimentally differentiated adipocytes underwent apoptosis and/or necrosis under severe hypoxia, but adipose-derived stem/progenitor cells remained viable. CONCLUSIONS: Severe ischemia/hypoxia induces degenerative changes in adipose tissue and subsequent adaptive tissue remodeling. Adipocytes die easily under ischemic conditions, whereas adipose-derived stem/progenitor cells are activated and contribute to adipose tissue repair. This article was published in Plast Reconstr Surg and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords