Author(s): Kim SH, Kim TH, Lee JS, Koo TY, Lee CB,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity/adiposity is closely associated with asthma in terms of development, severity, and control of asthma. However, effects of obesity/adiposity on airway inflammation are not well known in subjects without asthma. We assessed whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), a marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation, was associated with obesity/adiposity in nonasthmatic healthy adults. METHODS: We measured FeNO and serum levels of adipose-derived hormones and adipokines in 117 adult subjects without a previous diagnosis of asthma or current asthmatic symptoms. Associations between FeNO and measures of obesity/adiposity [body mass index (BMI), body fat mass, and body fat percentages] were examined by correlation analyses and uni- and multivariate linear regression analyses. RESULTS: FeNO was not significantly associated with BMI, body fat mass, or body fat percentage by a multivariate linear regression model, adjusting for age, gender, chronic rhinitis, atopy, and lung function. No significant association of FeNO with serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, or interleukin (IL)-6 was observed. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that in healthy subjects without asthma, obesity/adiposity has no significant effect on eosinophilic airway inflammation and that hormones and systemic inflammation derived from adipose tissue do not affect eosinophilic airway inflammation.
This article was published in J Asthma
and referenced in Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine