alexa ADP-ribosylation of rho by C3 ribosyltransferase inhibits IL-2 production and sustained calcium influx in activated T cells.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Angkachatchai V, Finkel TH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Activation of the T lymphocyte induces dramatic cytoskeletal changes, and there is increasing evidence that disruption of the cytoskeleton inhibits early and late events of T cell signal transduction. However, relatively little is known about the signaling molecules involved in activation-induced cytoskeletal rearrangement. The rho family of small GTP-binding proteins, which include rho, rac, and cdc42, regulates the cytoskeleton and coordinates various cellular functions via their many effector targets. In prior studies, the Clostridium botulinum toxin C3 exoenzyme has been used to ADP-ribosylate and inactivate rho. In this study, we demonstrate that treatment of T cells with C3 exoenzyme inhibits IL-2 transcription following ligation of the TCR. Inhibition of IL-2 expression correlated with loss of sustained increase in [Ca+2]i and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK/Erk) activity, but not with activation of the tyrosine kinase, lck. These findings are the first to show that ADP-ribosylation of rho by C3 ribosyltransferase (exoenzyme) inhibits IL-2 production due, in part, to the requirement for sustained calcium influx and MAPK activation after Ag receptor ligation.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version