Author(s): Antonio Benito Porcaro, Giovanni Novella, Stefano Zecchini Antoniolli, Guido Martignoni, Matteo Brunelli, Pierpaolo Curti
The authors report on a rare pediatric case of adrenal extramedullary hematopoiesis in a patient with beta-thalassemia disease. The lesion was clinically discovered as incidentaloma of the right adrenal gland and treated by surgery. Adrenal extramedullary hematopoiesis may clinically be detected as incidentaloma. Adrenal incidentalomas presenting with hematologic disorders, such as agnogenic myeloid aplasia and beta-thalassemia, need careful imaging as well as adrenal hormonal investigation in order to exclude malignancy and sublinical hypersecretory syndromes. Ultrasound or CT-FNA of the lesion are effective in finding out the disease.