alexa Adsorption characteristics of malachite green on activated carbon derived from rice husks produced by chemical-thermal process.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Rahman IA, Saad B, Shaidan S, Sya Rizal ES

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Abstract Phosphoric acid (H(3)PO(4)) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) treated rice husks, followed by carbonization in a flowing nitrogen were used to study the adsorption of malachite green (MG) in aqueous solution. The effect of adsorption on contact time, concentration of MG and adsorbent dosage of the samples treated or carbonized at different temperatures were investigated. The results reveal that the optimum carbonization temperature is 500 degrees C in order to obtain adsorption capacity that is comparable to the commercial activated carbon for the husks treated by H(3)PO(4). It is interesting to note that MG adsorbed preferably on carbon-rich than on silica rich-sites. It is found that the behaviour of H(3)PO(4) treated absorbent followed both the Langmuir and Freundlich models while NaOH treated best fitted to only the Langmuir model. This article was published in Bioresour Technol and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

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