Author(s): Santos SG, Santana JV, Maia FF Jr, Lemos V, Freire VN,
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Abstract Adsorption of ascorbic acid (AsA) on C60 is investigated using classical molecular mechanics and density functional theory (DFT). Classical annealing was performed to explore the space of molecular configurations of ascorbic acid adsorbed on C60, searching for optimal geometries. From the structure with the smallest total energy, 10 initial configurations were prepared by applying rotations of 90 degrees about three orthogonal axes. Each one of these configurations was optimized using DFT (for both LDA and GGA exchange-correlation functionals), and an estimate of their total and adsorption energies was found. Different configurations have minimal adsorption energies (defined here as the total energy of the adsorbate minus the total energy of the separate molecules) from -0.54 to -0.10 eV, with distinct optimal distances between the AsA and C60 centers of mass. According to a Hirshfeld population analysis, AsA is, in general, an acceptor of electrons from C60. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of noncovalent functionalization of C60 with AsA and provide minimal energy values for the several different configurations investigated. These results should be considered in reactions as a possible way to prevent against the oxidative damage and toxicity of C60. The beneficial effects of using AsA-C60 includes its action when administered together with levodopa, against the neurotoxicity generated by levodopa isolated, which opens new strategies for the Parkinson's disease treatment.
This article was published in J Phys Chem B
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics