Author(s): Wingenfelder U, Nowack B, Furrer G, Schulin R
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Abstract Natural zeolites, known for their excellent sorption properties towards metal cations, are widely used for the purification of wastewaters. The selectivity of clinoptilolite, a common zeolite mineral, for Pb is known to be particularly high, whereas its selectivity for Cd is often lower. Extraordinarily high sorption capacities for soft metal cations were observed in the case of thiol-functionalized silica gels and clays. In order to enhance the zeolites' sorption capacity for Cd, we treated natural heteroionic and Na-clinoptilolite in aqueous suspensions with cysteamine and propylamine solutions and investigated the sorption of Cd and Pb to amine-modified zeolite by a series of batch experiments. Stability constants for amine sorption on all zeolite samples at room temperature and 50 degrees C were obtained. Partial dimerization of cysteamine explains the enhanced sorption of this compound. In contrast, amine treatment did not enhance the adsorption capacity or selectivity of the clinoptilolite towards Cd and Pb. Instead, the amounts of adsorbed heavy metals decreased stoichometrically with increasing sorption of cysteamine and propylamine. This reduction can be explained by the blockage of channels by amine molecules and revealed that the modification of zeolites with mercaptoamines does not enhance the sorption capacity of zeolite for Cd and Pb.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability