Author(s): Chang MY, Juang RS
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Abstract Chitosan is a well-known excellent adsorbent for a number of organics and metal ions, but its mechanical properties and specific gravity should be enhanced for practical operation. In this study, activated clay was added in chitosan slurry to prepare composite beads. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics of two organic acids (tannic acid, humic acid) and two dyes (methylene blue, reactive dye RR222) using composite beads, activated clay, and chitosan beads were compared. With composite beads as an adsorbent, all the isotherms were better fitted by the Freundlich equation. The adsorption capacities with composite beads were generally comparable to those with chitosan beads but much larger than those with activated clay. The pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equations were then screened to describe the adsorption processes. It was shown that the adsorption of larger molecules such as tannic acid (MW, 1700 g mol(-1)), humic acid, and RR222 from water onto composite beads was better described by the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The rate parameters of the intraparticle diffusion model for adsorption onto such adsorbents were also evaluated and compared to identify the adsorption mechanisms.
This article was published in J Colloid Interface Sci
and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research