alexa Adsorption of three azo reactive dyes by metal hydroxide sludge: effect of temperature, pH, and electrolytes.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Hydrology: Current Research

Author(s): Netpradit S, Thiravetyan P, Towprayoon S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Adsorption of azo reactive dyes by metal hydroxide sludge were investigated using CI Reactive Red 2 (RR-2), CI Reactive Red 120, (RR-120), and CI Reactive Red 141 (RR-141). The adsorption isotherms, including the Langmuir constants (Q degrees and b) and the Freundlich constant (K(f)), for RR-2 decreased with increasing temperature, but this was reversed for RR-120 and RR-141. This behavior implied an exothermic process for RR-2 but an endothermic process for RR-120 and RR-141. The enthalpy value of adsorption for RR-2, RR-120, and RR-141 was -5.56, 2.77, and 6.41 kJ/mol, respectively, indicating that the adsorption of the less charged dyes (RR-2) was mainly physical, but that of the more charged dyes (RR-120 and RR-141) was chemical. The optimum system pH of 8.6+/-0.3 was maintained even when the solution pH was varied from 3 to 10. Higher concentration or more valence of anions of electrolytes in dye solution caused decreasing dye adsorption efficiency of metal hydroxide sludge. A higher dosage of sludge is required for real textile wastewater (>1\% w/v) than for the synthetic dye solution (0.2\% w/v). The leachates of heavy metals from metal hydroxide sludge to the environment are very low, which are within the standard limit of industrial effluent and leachable substances.
This article was published in J Colloid Interface Sci and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords