alexa Advanced germ cell malignancies of the ovary: should neo-adjuvant chemotherapy be the first line of treatment?


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Raveendran A

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Malignant germ cell tumours of the ovary, though classically known for 'young age' and 'early stage' at presentation, are not uncommonly identified at advanced stages. Little is available in literature on the role of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in this group of tumours. Two patients with advanced stage ovarian germ cell tumours, including one with 45XO/46XY chromosomal mosaicism, were treated at our Institute with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy with Bleomycin, Etoposide and Cisplatin followed by surgery. Besides marked clinical improvement, intraoperatively both the patients presented no difficulty otherwise expected with widespread tumours, and histopathology report revealed no evidence of viable tumour. The article discusses the experience and suggested course of management of these tumours with NACT, which could be offered to patients with advanced malignancy in whom high surgical morbidity is anticipated or in whom only an operative biopsy was performed at laparatomy. Behaviour and management guidelines of dysgenetic gonads with XY mosaicism have also been discussed.

This article was published in J Obstet Gynaecol. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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