Author(s): Neu TR, Lawrence JR
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Abstract The extracellular constituents in bioaggregates and biofilms can be imaged four dimensionally by using laser scanning microscopy. In this protocol we provide guidance on how to examine the various extracellular compartments in between microbial cells and communities associated with interfaces. The current options for fluorescence staining of matrix compounds and extracellular microhabitats are presented. Furthermore, practical aspects are discussed and useful notes are added. The chapter ends with a brief introduction to other approaches for EPS analysis and an outlook for future needs.
This article was published in Methods Mol Biol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology