alexa Advances in catecholamine and metabolite measurements for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Rosano TG, Swift TA, Hayes LW

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Abstract Assessment of catecholamine production and excretion is important in the laboratory detection of pheochromocytoma, a rare but curable cause of hypertension. Advances in catecholamine and metabolite methodologies have enhanced the diagnostic acumen by increasing analytical sensitivity and eliminating many of the interferences observed with earlier methods. Estimation of urinary catecholamines metanephrine and vanillylmandelic acid is routinely used in the biochemical detection of pheochromocytoma and in monitoring the completeness of tumor excision as well as the possibility of recurrence. Traditional spectrophotometric and fluorometric methods for urinary catecholamines and their metabolites are being replaced by highly sensitive and selective chromatographic methods. The ability to quantify individual catecholamines and metanephrines by high-performance liquid chromatography is of particular value for detecting familial forms of the tumor that may secrete epinephrine. Plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine measurements are of additional diagnostic value in determining recent catecholamine release and response to clonidine suppression. For either urine or plasma measurements, appropriate patient preparation, sample collection, and method validation along with an understanding of the variable pattern of catecholamine secretion and metabolism in pheochromocytoma are essential. Advances in laboratory methodology and reference intervals for catecholamines for clinical interpretation are reviewed.
This article was published in Clin Chem and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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