Author(s): Chan EY
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Abstract Faster sequencing methods will undoubtedly lead to faster single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery. The Sanger method has served as the cornerstone for genome sequence production since 1977, close to almost 30 years of tremendous utility [Sanger, F., Nicklen, S., Coulson, A.R, DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 74 (1977) 5463-5467]. With the completion of the human genome sequence [Venter, J.C. et al., The sequence of the human genome, Science 291 (2001) 1304-1351; Lander, E.S. et al., Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome, Nature 409 (2001) 860-921], there is now a focus on developing new sequencing methodologies that will enable "personal genomics", or the routine study of our individual genomes. Technologies that will lead us to this lofty goal are those that can provide improvements in three areas: read length, throughput, and cost. As progress is made in this field, large sections of genomes and then whole genomes of individuals will become increasingly more facile to sequence. SNP discovery efforts will be enhanced lock-step with these improvements. Here, the breadth of new sequencing approaches will be summarized including their status and prospects for enabling personal genomics.
This article was published in Mutat Res
and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research