Author(s): Zhang Y, Wang Y, Taylor JL, Jiang Z, Zhang S, , Zhang Y, Wang Y, Taylor JL, Jiang Z, Zhang S,
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Abstract It is well established that both salt and reactive oxygen species (ROS) stresses are able to increase the concentration of cytosolic free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i), which is caused by the flux of calcium (Ca(2+)). However, the differences between these two processes are largely unknown. Here, we introduced recombinant aequorin into rice (Oryza sativa) and examined the change in [Ca(2+)]i in response to salt and ROS stresses. The transgenic rice harbouring aequorin showed strong luminescence in roots when treated with exogenous Ca(2+). Considering the histological differences in roots between rice and Arabidopsis, we reappraised the discharging solution, and suggested that the percentage of ethanol should be 25\%. Different concentrations of NaCl induced immediate [Ca(2+)]i spikes with the same durations and phases. In contrast, H₂O₂ induced delayed [Ca(2+)]i spikes with different peaks according to the concentrations of H₂O₂. According to the Ca(2+) inhibitor research, we also showed that the sources of Ca(2+) induced by NaCl and H₂O₂ are different. Furthermore, we evaluated the contribution of [Ca(2+)]i responses in the NaCl- and H₂O₂-induced gene expressions respectively, and present a Ca(2+)- and H₂O₂-mediated molecular signalling model for the initial response to NaCl in rice. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.
This article was published in J Exp Bot
and referenced in Biosensors Journal