Author(s): WeltyWolf KE, Simonson SG, Huang YC, Kantrow SP, Carraway MS,
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Abstract Hyperoxia damages lung parenchyma via increased cellular production of reactive oxygen species that exceeds antioxidant defenses. We hypothesized that aerosolized human recombinant manganese superoxide dismutase (rhMnSOD) would augment extracellular antioxidant defenses and attenuate epithelial injury in the lung during hyperoxia in primates. Twenty-four adult male baboons were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated with 100\% oxygen for 96 h. The baboons were divided equally into four groups. Oxygen alone and oxygen plus rhMnSOD given at 3 mg . kg-1 . day-1 were compared to assess efficacy of the drug. Subsequently, aerosolized rhMnSOD was given at 1 or 10 mg . kg-1 . day-1 to study dose effects and toxicity. Quantitative morphometry showed protection of alveolar epithelium from hyperoxia by 3 mg . kg-1 . day-1 rhMnSOD (P < 0.05). In addition, interstitial fibroblast volumes were increased in the treatment group (P = 0.06). This effect appeared greater at the two higher doses of the rhMnSOD. The aerosolized drug was localized to the surface of airways and air spaces and macrophages by immunolabeling studies, suggesting efficacy via physicochemical properties that localize it to cell surfaces or by effects on alveolar macrophage function.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine