alexa Afferent nerve sensitivity is decreased by an iNOS-dependent mechanism during indomethacin-induced inflammation in the murine jejunum in vitro.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Xue B, Hausmann M, Mller MH, Pesch T, Karpitschka M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Evidence exists that visceral afferent sensitivity is subject to regulatory mechanisms. We hypothesized that afferent sensitivity is decreased in the small intestine during intestinal inflammation by an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-dependent mechanism. C57BL/6 mice were injected twice with vehicle or 60 mg kg(-1) indomethacin subcutaneously to induce intestinal inflammation. Afferent sensitivity was recorded on day 3 from a 2-cm segment of jejunum in vitro by extracellular multi-unit afferent recordings from the mesenteric nerve bundle. In subgroups (n = 6), iNOS was inhibited selectively by L-N6-(1-iminoethyl)-lysine (L-NIL) given either chronically from day 1-3 (3 mg kg(-1) twice daily i.p.) or acutely into the organ bath (30 micromol L(-1)). The indomethacin-induced increase of macroscopic and microscopic scores of intestinal inflammation (both P < 0.05) were unchanged after pretreatment with L-NIL. Peak afferent firing following bradykinin (0.5 micromol L(-1)) was 55 +/- 8 impulse s(-1) during inflammation vs 97 +/- 7 impulse s(-1) in controls (P < 0.05). Normal firing rate was preserved following L-NIL pretreatment (112 +/- 16 impulse s(-1)) or acute administration of L-NIL (108 +/- 14 impulse s(-1)). A similar L-NIL dependent reduction was observed for 5-HT (250 micromol L(-1)) and mechanical ramp distension from 20 to 60 cmH(2)O (both P < 0.05). Intraluminal pressure peaks were decreased to 0.66 +/- 0.1 cmH(2)O during inflammation compared to 2.51 +/- 0.3 in controls (P < 0.01). Afferent sensitivity is decreased by an iNOS-dependent mechanism during intestinal inflammation which appears to be independent of the inflammatory response. This suggests that iNOS-dependent nitric oxide production alters afferent sensitivity during inflammation by interfering with signal transduction to afferent nerves rather than by attenuating intestinal inflammation. This article was published in Neurogastroenterol Motil and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version