alexa Age and comorbidity as independent prognostic factors in the treatment of non small-cell lung cancer: a review of National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group trials


Chemotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Asmis TR, Ding K, Shepherd FA, Seymour L, Leighl NB

Abstract Share this page

PURPOSE: This study analyzed patients enrolled in two large, prospectively randomized trials of systemic chemotherapy (adjuvant/palliative setting) for non-small-cell lung Cancer (NSCLC). The main objective was to determine if age and/or the burden of chronic medical conditions (comorbidity) are independent predictors of survival, treatment delivery, and toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Baseline comorbid conditions were scored using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), a validated measure of patient comorbidity that is weighted according to the influence of comorbidity on overall mortality. The CCI score (CCIS) was correlated with demographic data,(ie, age, sex, race), performance status (PS), histology, cancer stage, patient weight, hemoglobin, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, outcomes of chemotherapy delivery (ie, type, total dose, and dose intensity), survival, and response. RESULTS: A total of 1,255 patients were included in this analysis. The median age was 61 years (range, 34 to 89 years); 34% of patients were elderly (at least 65 years of age); and 31% had comorbid conditions at randomization. Twenty-five percent of patients had a CCIS of 1, whereas 6% had a CCIS of 2 or greater. Elderly patients were more likely to have a CCIS equal to or greater than 1 compared with younger patients (42% v 26%; P < .0001), as were male patients (35% v 21%; P < .0001) and patients with squamous histology (36% v 29%; P = .001). Although age did not influence overall survival, the CCIS appeared prognostic (CCIS 1 v 0; hazard ratio 1.28; 95%CI, 1.09 to 1.5; P = .003). CONCLUSION: In these large, randomized trials, the presence of comorbid conditions (CCIS > or = 1), rather than age more than 65 years, was associated with poorer survival.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in J Clin Oncol. and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version